Fortress Press

The Theology of Martin Luther

The Theology of Martin Luther

Paul Althaus (Author), Robert C. Schultz (Translator)


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This is a comprehensive and systematic survey of Martin Luther's entire thought by an internationally recognized authority in the field of Reformation research. The main theological questions which engaged the Reformer's attention are set forth in clear and simple fashion, along with a host of quotations from this own writings to illumine the presentation. Scholars and laypersons alike will appreciate the more than a thousand instances in which the author allows Luther to speak forcefully and directly for himself.
  • Publisher Fortress Press
  • ISBN 9780800618551
  • Format Paperback
  • Dimensions 5.5 x 8.5
  • Pages 464
  • Publication Date January 1, 1966


"It is likely to remain a standard source book for American theologians for some time to come."
— Dialog

"In this book, Althaus further distinguishes himself by demonstrating a marked capacity to communicate the profundities of Lutheran theology in a strikingly lucid, comprehensible way...a wholesome exercise for both the Lutheran scholar and the uninitiated."
— Union Seminary Quarterly Review

Table of Contents

    From the Preface to the German Edition
    Preface to the American Edition
    Translator's Note


  1. The Authority of Scripture and of the Creeds
  2. The Subject Matter of Theology


  3. The General and the Proper Knowledge of God
  4. God in Himself and God as He Reveals Himself
  5. The Theology of the Cross
  6. The Word of God and the Spirit of God
  7. Faith
  8. Reason
  9. The Holy Scripture


  10. God Is God
  11. God's Will for Men
  12. Man as a Sinner
  13. Man Between God and Satan
  14. Man Under the Wrath of God
  15. God in Jesus Christ
  16. The Trinity
  17. Jesus Christ as the Reconciler and Redeemer
  18. Righteousness in Faith
  19. Law and Gospel
  20. The Freedom of the Gracious God
  21. The People of God
  22. The Church as the Community of Saints
  23. The Office of the Ministry
  24. The True Church and the Empirical Church
  25. The Sacrament
  26. Baptism
  27. The Lord's Supper
  28. Eschatology

    Appendix One
    "And Though I Had All Faith"
    Luther's Interpretation of I Corinthians 13:2

    Appendix Two
    "Love and the Certainty of Salvation"
    Luther's Interpretation of I John 4:17a

    Index of Names
    Index of Subjects