Fortress Press

Martin Luther, Volume 2: Shaping and Defining the Reformation, 1521-1532

Martin Luther, Volume 2

Shaping and Defining the Reformation, 1521-1532

Martin Brecht (Author), James L. Schaaf (Translator)


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Brecht here describes the years in which the distinctive aspects of the Reformation took shape. During this time four difficult conflicts—the Peasants' War, the interchange between Luther and Erasmus, debates on the Lord's Supper, and the rise of Anabaptist groups—strengthened the need to fashion new orders for govering the church and the need to develop new patterns for worship and the instruction of youth. Luther the theologian was occupied with problems of politics, economy, law, and education. In addition, his own life was altered by his marriage.
  • Publisher Fortress Press
  • Format Paperback
  • ISBN 9780800628147
  • Dimensions 6 x 9
  • Pages 560
  • Publication Date August 1, 1994


"...a majestic work, finely written and translated. It is rich in detail, has handsome illustrations, and vividly captures the spirit and passion of the Wittenberg reformer....Anyone interested in the full picture of Luther's life and work will enjoy reading this book.
—Donald K. McKim, Reformed Review

"Brecht's is a bold undertaking and a successful one, given the enormity of his task. He thus provides a sure guide into Luther's life and work....The book will serve those who wish to continue their study of Luther and in so doing to confront the sources themselves."
— James M. Kittelson, Ohio State University
author of Luther the Reformer: The Story of the Man and His Career

Table of Contents

    Translator's Preface
    Sources of Illustrations

  1. At the Wartburg
  2. 1. Conflicts with Catholic Opponents
    2. The Wartburg Postil
    3. On Confession
    4. Religious Vows
    5. Reorganization of the Mass and the Unrest in Wittenberg
    6. Translating the New and Old Testaments
  3. The Preacher of Wittenberg (1522-24)
  4. 1. The Invocavit Sermons and Dealing with the Situation in Wittenberg
    2. Efforts at Electing Evangelical Preachers and Pastors
    3. Luther and the Bohemians
    4. Contacts with the Reformation Movement beyond Electoral Saxony
    5. Conflicts with Opponents Holding the Old Faith
    6. Marriage and Marriage Matters
    7. Monks and Nuns
    8. The University
    9. Government and Politics
    10. New Orders of Worship
  5. Prophets, Enthusiasts, Iconoclasts, Fanatics, and the Peasants' War
  6. 1. The School
    2. On Trade and Usury
    3. Thomas Müntzer
    4. Andreas (Bodenstein von) Karlstadt
    5. The Peasant's War
  7. Marriage, Home, and Family (1525-30)
  8. 1. Preliminary History
    2. Marriage
    3. Home Life and the Growing Family
    4. Illness
  9. The Conflict with Erasmus of Rotterdam over Free Will
  10. 1. Erasmus Writes against Luther
    2. Luther's Reply: De Servo Arbitrio
    3. Erasmus's Defense
  11. Reform of the University and Academic Activity (1524-30)
  12. 1. Reform of the University
    2. Luther's Lectures (1523-30)
  13. Reorganization of the Church and Pastoral Activity
  14. 1. Shaping the Worship Service
    2. The Visitation
    3. The Catechisms
    4. On Marriage Matters
    5. Pastoral Activity in Wittenberg and the Crisis There
  15. The Conflict over the Lord's Supper and Baptism (1525-29)
  16. 1. New Demands (1525)
    2. Temporizing in the Background (1526)
    3. That These Words of Christ "This is My Body" etc., Still Stand Firm Against the Fanatics
    4. Confession Concerning Christ's Supper
    5. The Marburg Colloquy
    6. Concerning Rebaptism
  17. Reformation and Politics—Support Resistance (1525-30)
  18. 1. Principles
    2. Spread of the Reformation
    3. Persecution and Martyrdom
    4. Alliances and Counteralliancs—the Reformatin and Political Developments in the Empire
    5. The Threat from the Turks
  19. At the Coburg Because of the Diet of Augsburg
  20. 1. The Departure
    2. At Fortress Coburg
    3. Literary and Theological Work
    4. A Participant in Absentia at the Diet
  21. From the Deit of Augsburg to the Nuremberg Standstill, 1532
  22. 1. The Permissibility of Resisting the Emperor
    2. Warning to Hid Dear German People
    3. Support for a Religious Peace
  23. Home, Community, Church, and Theology (1530-32)
  24. 1. Personal Welfare, Family, and Home
    2. Both Preacher and Pastor in Wittenberg
    3. Demands and Difficulties in the Church of Electoral Saxony and Other Evangelical Churches
    4. The Teacher of Justification