"This important monograph builds on Kloppenborg's Q-stratigraphy and examines the original material and ideological circumstances of the Synoptic Sayings Source."
"Arnal thoroughly reviews and rejects the widespread hypothesis that Q stems from 'wandering preachers,' and connects it instead to Herodian village scribes uprooted by the foundation of Tiberias around 20 C.E. Early Q's rhetoric urges a program of resistance and 'local reciprocity and communal values' within Galilean villages."
"Arnal's noteworthy contribution deserves careful study by every student of Christian origins."
— Douglas E. Oakman, author of Palestine in the Time of Jesus