Fortress Press

Matthew 8-20: A Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew

Matthew 8-20

A Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew

Ulrich Luz (Author), Helmut Koester (Editor), James E Crouch (Translator)


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This is the second of a three-volume commentary on the gospel of Matthew from Europe's leading Matthew scholar. Volume 1 Matthew 1-7 was previously published in the "Continental Commentaries" series. Luz's commentary is especially noteworthy, not only for his incisive exegesis, but also his keen eye for the importance of the history of interpretation and his attention to the relevance of the New Testament for contemporary Christian ethics. This commentary includes excursuses on Son of David; Matthew's Interpretation of the Parables; Peter in the Gospel of Matthew; and Son of Man.

  • Publisher Fortress Press
  • Format Hardcover
  • ISBN 9780800660345
  • Dimensions 8.25 x 9.25
  • Pages 646
  • Publication Date January 26, 2001


Editor's Note

This English edition of volume two is a translation of volume two and part of volume three of Professor Luz's German four-volume commentary on the Gospel of Matthew. It will be followed in the Hermeneia series by a third volume, based on the remaining chapters of volume three and all of volume four of the German work. The editors of Hermeneia decided to publish these volumes first, because an older English version of volume one of the German commentary has already been published. A revised edition of volume one will then be published, reflecting the author's changes and including full bibliographic information as well as indices for the entire work.

The English translation of the text of the Gospel of Matthew is based on the German translation by Professor Luz and reflects his exegetical decisions. Other biblical texts are usually quoted from the New Revised Standard Version. Quotations of Latin and Greek authors, except where noted, follow the texts and translations of the Loeb Classical Library or other standard editions. Translations from the Dead Sea Scrolls are normally from Geza Vermes, The Dead Sea Scrolls in English (3rd ed.; London and New York: Penguin, 1987).

Table of Contents



Reference Codes
1. Sources and Abbreviations
2. Short Titles of Commentaries, Studies, and Articles Often Cited

Editor's Note

I Prelude (1:1—4:22)--vol. 1
II Jesus' Activity in Israel in Word and Deed (4:23—11:30)--vol. 1
A The Sermon on the Mount (5–7)--vol. 1

B Jesus' Miracles in Israel (8:1—9:35)
1 Jesus Heals in Israel (8:1-17)
1.1 Jesus Heals a Leper (8:1-4)
1.2 The Faith of the Centurion of Capernaum (8:5-13)
1.3 Jesus Heals Peter's Mother-in-Law and Many Sick People (8:14-17)
2 To the other Side of the Lake (8:18—9:1)
2.1 Following Jesus into the Storm (8:18-27)
2.2 The Two Demoniacs in Gadara (8:28–9:1)
3 The Conflict with Israel's Leaders (9:2-17)
3.1 The Son of Man Forgives Sins (9:2-8)
3.2 Jesus' Mercy on the Tax Collectors (9:9-13)
3.3 The Bridegroom (9:14-17)
4 Concluding Miracles of Jesus (9:18-34)
4.1 The Ruler's Daughter and the Hemorrhaging Woman (9:18-26)
4.2 The Two Blind Men (9:27-31)
4.3 The Healing of a Dumb Demoniac (9:32-34)
Concluding Summary Report (9:35)
The Miracles of Israel's Messiah
On the Meaning of the Matthean Miracle Stories Today

C. The Disciples Discourse (9:36-11:1)
1 Introduction (9:36-10:5a)
1.1 The Task: the People's Suffering (9:36-38)
1.2 The Commissioned (10:1-5a)
2 Jesus sends the Disciples to Israel (10:5b-23)
2.1 The Mission (10:5b-15)
2.2 The Persecution of the Disciples (10:16-23)
3. The Suffering of the Disciples in Following Jesus (10:24-42)
3.1 As the Master, so the Disciples (10:24-25)
3.2 Proclamation without Fear (10:26-33)
3.3 Division of Families and Cross (10:34-39)
3.4 Hospitality for the Disciples (10:40-42)
4 Conclusion of the Disciples Discourse (11:1)
The Basic Message of the Disciples Discourse
Reflections on the Meaning of the Disciples Discourse Today

D Transition: Israel's Crisis Deepens (11:2-30)
1 Jesus and John the Baptist (11:2-19)
1.1 The Baptist's Inquiry (11:2-6)
1.2 Elijah Returned and His Call to Decision (11:7-15)
1.3 This Stubborn Generation (11:16-19)
2. The Appeal to Israel: Judgment and Invitation (11:20-30)
2.1 Woes on the Cities of Israel (11:20-24)
2.2 The Son's Invitation to the Toiling and Heavy-Laden (11:25-30)

III Jesus Withdraws from Israel (12:1-16:20)
A The Conflict with the Pharisees (12:1-50)
1 The Sabbath of Jesus (12:1-21)
1.1 The Disciples are Hungry on the Sabbath (12:1-8)
1.2 The Healing of a Disabled Man on the Sabbath (12:9-14)
1.3 The Healing Son of God (12:15-21)
2 The First Reckoning with the Pharisees (12:22-50)
2.1 Beelzebul and God's Spirit (12:22-37)
2.2 The Sign of Jonah and the Return of the Demons (12:38-45)
2.3 Jesus' True Family (12:46-50)

B The Parables Discourse (13:1-53)
1 Introduction (13:1-3a)
2 The Discourse to the People (13:3b-35)
2.1 The Seed in the Fourfold Field: on Understanding the Parables (13:3b-23)
2.2 The Tares in the Wheat Field (13:24-30)
2.3 Mustard Seed and Leaven (13:31-33)
2.4 Conclusion of the Public Discourse (13:34-35)
3 The Discourse to the Disciples (13:36-52)
3.1 The Interpretation of the Story of the Tares (13:36-43)
3.2 Of the Treasure in the Field and of the Pearl (13:44-46)
3.3 On the Dragnet (13:47-50)
3.4 Conclusion: On the Understanding Scribe (13:51-52)
Basic Message of the Parables Discourse
On the Meaning of the Parables Discourse Today

C Jesus' Withdrawal from Israel and the Origin of the Church (13:53—16:20)
1 The Murder of John and the First Withdrawal of Jesus (13:53—14:33)
1.1 Jesus Teaches in Nazareth (13:53-58)
1.2 The Death of John the Baptist (14:1-12)
1.3 The Feeding of the Five Thousand (14:13-21)
1.4 Jesus and Peter on the Lake. The First Confession of the Son of God (14:22-33)
2 The Controversy on True Purity and the Withdrawal to Phoenicia (14:34—15:39)
2.1 Healings in Gennesaret (14:34-36)
2.2 The Controversy on Clean and Unclean (15:1-20)
2.3 The Encounter with the Canaanite Woman (15:21-28)
2.4 Healings and the Second Feeding (15:29-39)
3 The Second Demand for a Sign and the Withdrawal to Caesarea Philippi (16:1-20)
3.1 Second Demand for a Sign and Jesus' Withdrawal (16:1-4)
3.2 Warning against the Teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees (16:5-12)
3.3 The Second Son of God Confession and the Promise to Peter (16:13-20)

IV Jesus' Activity in the Church (16:21—20:34)
A Experiences of the Disciples on the Way to Suffering (16:21—17:27)
1 The Way of Suffering (16:21-28)
2 The Transfiguration of the Son of God and the Suffering of the Son of Man (17:1-13)
3 The Power of Faith that Moves Mountains (17:14-20)
4 Jesus Announces his Suffering (17:22-23)
5 The Temple Tax (17:24-27)

B The Community Discourse (18:1-35)
1 Humility and Solidarity with the Little Ones (18:1-20)
1.1 The Fundamental Principle: A Return to Humbleness (18:1-5)
1.2 Warning against the "Snares" (18:6-9)
1.3 The Search for the Lost (18:10-14)
1.4 On Brotherly Admonition and on Prayer (18:15-20)
2 Forgiveness (18:21-35)
2.1 Unlimited Forgiveness (18:21-22)
2.2 The Unmerciful Debtor (18:23-35)
The Basic Message of the Community Discourse
On the Meaning of the Community Discourse Today

C On the Way to Jerusalem (19:1-20:34)
1 Divorce and Celibacy (19:1-12)
2 Jesus and the Children (19:13-15)
3 Jesus and the Rich Young Man (19:16-30)
4 The Laborers in the Vineyard (20:1-16)
5 Again Jesus Announces His Passion (20:17-19)
6 Suffering and Service (20:20-28)

7 The Two Blind Men (20:29-34)

1. Passages
a / Old Testament and Apocrypha
b / Old Testament Pseudepigrapha
c / Qumran and Related Texts
d / Other Jewish Literature
e / Rabbinic Literature
f / New Testament
g / Early Christian Literature and the Ancient Church
h / Greek and Latin Authors
2. Greek and Hebrew Words
3. Subjects
4. Medieval Commentators and Modern Authors

Designer's Notes