Biblical Anthropology stands at the crossroads of the body, the Greek Bible, ancient medicine, and ancient philosophy. The book naturally focuses on anthropological terms like "soul," "body," or "mind." It also examines a wider set of conceptions related to embodiment--"female/male," "blood," and "nature." The volume highlights the structures of meaning for key anthropological terms, taking ancient medical and philosophical concepts into consideration. This book not only provides insight into the ancient understanding of embodiment and corporality based on ancient sources but also places it in a broad exegetical discussion. The book presents new translations of ancient medical and philosophical sources with introductions relating to the natural philosophical discussion and brings them into conversation with texts from the New Testament. The volume will be valuable to students, teachers, interpreters, and theologians.